The pied kingfisher is a water kingfisher that has an extremely large range across sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, Asia and China. It is the world’s third most common kingfisher and is believed to have descended from the American green kingfisher that crossed the Atlantic ocean around 1 million years ago.
These birds are usually found in pairs along rivers, streams, lakes, canals, flood-lands and reedy inlets. Males and females are the same in size and can be distinguished by the dimorphic black band across their chests – males have two black bands while females only have one. Juveniles’ bands are greyish black.